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ASSOCIATION OF MENNONITE BRETHREN CHURCHES OF UKRAINE

ASSOCIATION OF MENNONITE BRETHREN CHURCHES OF UKRAINE

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The Borozenko and Nepliuievka colony

The creation history of the colony and the list of villages founded by mennonites

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Representatives of 120 families – members of “the Small commune”, established the colony of Borozenko in 1865 (Kleine Gemeinde). The natives of the Molochnaya and other settlements (such as Marcusland) bought out 6137 acres of agriculturally used lands from a Ukrainian landowner Borozenko. The land cost 184,110 rubles. The religious congregation gave the biggest part of the land to those owners who had not very good land on the previous place. Well to do members of “the Small commune” bought and distributed the rest of the land.  The new colony was located 30km North-West from Nikopol of the Ekaterinoslav governorate. By 1868, six settlements were built here, including Steinbah, Blumenhof, Hoibuden, Rosendalf and Annafeld. The colony of Borozenko became the richest and the most successful among those created by “the Small commune”.
It also became the center of intense activity of this religious commune. The core of the colony was the village o Blumendorf. It was here that the first church of the commune was built, as well as a schools and accommodation for teachers. After the following division, communes in the village of Hoibuden planted one more religious commune. Almost immediately new settlers from the Khortytsia colony arrived here, who established the villages of Nikolaital, Felzenbah, Ebenfeld and Shendorf. It was here that an affiliated commune of the Khortytsia Mennonite colony appeared. Later, it combined with the New Khortytsia religious commune in Baratov. In 1872, the administrative center of the commune became the village of Nikolaital.
Later on, two more villages were established: Eihengrund and Gohstadt. What with one thing and the other, the colony of Borozenko had up to 12,000 acres of land. The other two villages (Friedensfeld, Grunfeld and Noi-Anlahe (also known as Mariafeld)) that were located far from others, initially, geographically speaking, belonged to the colony. The great majority of their inhabitants belonged to “the Small Commune”. However, there was a small number of admirers of the Mennonite Brethren church in Friedensfeld.
The economic wellbeing of these settlements was good enough, but in 1874, almost all members of “the Small Commune” migrated to North America. 90 families from Borozenko and 30 families from surrounding villages were a part of the group of migrants. Peasants sold the land to farmers from the Khortytsia colony who had been bartering for a long time and eventually bought the lands for a ridiculously small amount of money – 30 rubles per acre. Landowners, Germans, Lutherans or Catholics from neighboring villages also bought some parts of the land. In 1915, the population of Borozenko was 600 people. The visitors noted that the colony had a number of good houses. During the Civil war, most of them were ruined, and peasants, especially those in the villages of Steinbah and Ebenfeld suffered from lawlessness, robberies and violation. Only a few families migrated in the 1920s. Most Mennonites were sent to the Siberia even before the World War II. An insignificant part of those who stayed in Borozenko, left with the German army during its retreat in 1943.
The list of Mennonite villages
The following settlements one day were considered a part of the Borozenko colony
Name of the village – another name – a modern name
Annafeld (1865 – 1867) – does not exist
Blumenhof (1866) - Alexandrovka  - Alexandrovka 
Hoibuden (1865) - Marїno - Marievka
Hohstadt (1866) – Noi- Hohstadt - Alexandropol
Nikolaital (1865) -  Novosofievka - Novosofievka
Rosenfeld (1865) - Katerinovka - Ordzhonikidze
Felzenbah (1866) - Mariopol
Steinbah (1865) - Kuzmitskoe - does not exist
Shendorf (1865) - Olgino - Novosofievka
Ebenfeld (1865) - Yagodnoe - Ulianovka
Eigengrund (1866) - Eigengrund/Petrovka - defunct
Hochfeld (1872) - does not exist
Grunfeld (1867) - Zelenopole - Green
Neu-Einlage (1867) - Mariafeld/Ivanovna - does not exist
Friedensfeld (1866) - Miropol - Miropol

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Library

About the villages of the colony Borozenko and Nepliuievka

 

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